Immigration Policy in Canada
The immigration policy in Canada is the way through which the government controls with help of laws and regulations for people wishing to settle in Canada. Here we shall discuss in detail the immigration to Canada process. According to Canadian Immigration, there are six main categories of immigrants in Canada: -
- Federal skilled worker
- Quebec Skilled worker
- Provincial Nominee Program
- Family Sponsorship
- Business Immigrant
- Canadian Experience Class
The sole aim of immigration policy is to manage the volume, origin, direction, and composition of migration flows. Moreover, it keeps an eye on the economic growth and development in the country. Interestingly Canada is being voted the seventh-best place in the world for immigrants.
Though the advent of Covid-19 has put several restrictions on Canada's immigration policy. But as the effect of the virus is slowing down it's again welcoming immigrants from all over the world. Eventually, the process of immigration policy is quite simple to follow. You need to follow the below steps for the same: -
- Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) - is done to verify candidate's foreign degree, diploma or certificate is genuine or not. Plus, it must be valid and equal to the Canadian one.
- Undergo Language Proficiency Report - this is also referred to as language testing for skilled immigrants. It is done through an approved language test.
- Obtain your CRS Score - it stands for common reporting standard. A candidate having a score above the cut-off eventually receives an invite to apply (ITA) for a PR visa by the Canadian government.
- Wait for the Express Entry Draw - this is a points-based system that uses a comprehensive ranking system (CRS) for ranking candidates' profiles. Here, the top score candidate does get the option for permanent residence.
- Receive the Invitation to Apply (ITA) - it means allowing people to submit a profile to express entry for the permanent residence.
- File your final PR application - it's a final nail in the coffin. You shall receive the visa for Canada in a much easy manner.
In general, a new permanent resident (PR) card takes 56 days for processing. But in case renewing the old PR may take up to 136 days.
Problems occurring while obtaining Visa
A large population is moving to Canada for employment. Though unavailability of the required qualification and experience lands in rejection of a visa for Canada. At the time it could be a frustrating and mentally disturbing situation for the candidate.
Below are some of the prominent reasons for the rejection visa to Canada: -
- Language Barrier: - in general most Canadian jobs require English and French. Interestingly in some jobs, these two languages are the essential languages being required. Canadian officials perform an "official equivalency assessment" where they compare the candidate's education to Canadian education. Most candidates do fail in passing the language test; hence, a kind of barrier happens.
- Lack of access to public services and social programs: - The Canadian policy is quite different in terms of healthcare, education, and social assistance. So, if the candidate doesn't have the right Canadian work Visa or Canadian Citizenship then you could not avail of such services freely. Plus, you could face issues regarding particular public services because of Canada's unique immigration status and residency requirements. Eventually, candidates having improper documents also face the wrath of not receiving welfare funds from the government.
- Difficulty in finding affordable housing in Canada: - the demand for rental properties in Canada is upsurging. But unavailability of Canadian work visas can make the person finding a house quite difficult.
Elaborate on the Canadian immigration process procedure
Canada holds a long history of welcoming immigrants from around the globe. Interestingly around one-fifth of Canada's population constitutes foreign-born people. Immigration to Canada is no doubt becoming a fancy thing. The country Canada does admit the new permanent residents under the four categories. They are as followed: -
- Economic stream - in Canada the large share of economic immigrants comes from the federal high skilled program. The candidates are based on their level of education, experience, and language proficiency. Interestingly the government does offer candidates to apply for permanent residence every two weeks.
- Family sponsorship - this category includes spouses, partners, and children joining family members who are already residing in Canada. To add to this same-sex couples are also allowed but they have to provide a certificate proof of the same.
- Protected persons and refugees - in 2018 Canada became the world's top refugee resettle providing permanent residence to more than twenty-eight thousand people. In this also refugees are further categorized into two categories. The primary one is government-assisted refugees and the other is privately sponsored. It must be in your knowledge that refugees can't directly resettle in Canada. They do have to undergo rigorous screening procedures for the same.
- Humanitarian factor - in this category Canada does provide permanent residence on the humanitarian ground too. Here also the officials undergo the documentation process before accepting the proposal for same.
Can immigrants easily get settled in life in Canada?
A new different country altogether but with certain changes and adaptations, the process of living can be smooth down. To make the process easy the Canadian government provides an orientation program, skills training, social services, and counseling to their residents. The major portion of the immigration agency's budget goes towards immigrants' settlements. Eventually, immigration to Canada is becoming a much easier thing to do.
Being a major part of the country of Canada, they continue to lag from native-born Canadian people. Some even find immense difficulty in finding a suitable job. eventually, the Canadian Government is working toward with upliftment of immigrants living in Canada.
This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.
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