Liberty of Thought
****************************** Research Writer ******************************
From a superficial point of view, the name of freeing the fruits of human activity from limits and restrictions is Freedom. But in an organized and regular society, it is almost impossible to find such unbridled freedom. Because, according to Rousseau, man could attain such freedom only in distant nature. When the state whose stick was based on its buffalo principle. But modern civilized society can never afford such unrestricted freedom.
Because if the concept of human freedom is taken as freedom or deliverance from limits and restrictions, then the one who has more power will be more free in the society. He will be able to stay and the rest of the people will lose their freedom in the society. That is why the modern state which has come into being from an organized society. In addition to guaranteeing freedom, some restrictions have also been imposed so that all members of the society can be given equal freedom. The word freedom is derived from the Latin word labor which means free. Below are two aspects of freedom which will make it easier to understand the concept of freedom.
The negative aspect of freedom shows that the state imposes various restrictions on human freedom. Because if the freedom of individuals is freed from restrictions, then the possibility of deprivation of freedom of other persons is increased. Everyone wants to live a life of their own free will and without any restrictions. But social necessity indicates that the freedom of others should be protected and their interests equally treated.
The individual desires that the state should not interfere in his maximum activities. But this is not possible in an organized society. In matters which relate to the private life of the individual and which do not violate the sanctity of the freedom of others, the individual is completely free. Careful observation has shown that man cannot attain his freedom without the help of the state. Provides equal opportunities for freedom.
The positive aspects of freedom show that the state is not convinced of restrictions on the freedom of individuals alone. It also provides opportunities for a person to truly hone his or her personality and to be active in the construction and development work in his or her community. The positive aspect of freedom is not only freedom from restrictions but also At the same time, it provides opportunities to do something for the betterment of society.
*KINDS OF LIBERTY*
Natural freedom refers to the state before the establishment of a civilized state when there was no restriction on human freedom. Everybody in the natural state was concerned with their own survival and interests and that was the law of nature at that time. Civil liberties are the exact opposite of natural liberties, because civil liberties are state-granted liberties. When the state grants civil liberties to the individual, it leaves him free in both negative and positive freedoms. If the state interferes in the affairs of the individual, it is said to be a negative aspect of granting freedom. However, if the state does not interfere in human affairs, it will be a positive aspect of freedom. Subscribes to associations. Which creates in him the qualities of a good citizen. And he is aware of his rights. "There are two aspects to civil liberties." When the state did not exist, the individual was not as free and peaceful as he is today.
(2) Constitutional Freedom:
Constitutional freedom is another aspect of civil liberties which means that every state in the world gives basic rights to its citizens in its constitution. And these rights are given at the constitutional level because if a person is a citizen of the state and he is not getting these rights, then he can go to court against the government. These rights are found in different forms in different states. In the UK and Pakistan in the form of a rule of law and in the US the judiciary is separated from the administration or in some states the Declaration of Fundamental Rights. In short, the state also gives freedom to its citizens by providing constitutional protection.
Economic freedom means that every member of the state has the full right to earn his living and he has his own in every way. Be free to increase your income. Wealth of a particular class should not be controlled and economic democracy should prevail everywhere.
Economic democracy means that: (i) All citizens should have equal economic rights. (ii) Workers to have an equal share in industrial enterprises. "That is, political or civil liberties are meaningless without economic liberties." ۔ With the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few, the spirit of economic freedom dies its own death. So, Islam introduced a universal system of Zakat to eliminate the concentration of wealth. As a result, the wealth continues to reach the rightful owner and the investor cannot keep the wealth locked in his safe. Economic freedom is very important in political ideology. It is the equal distribution of wealth that guarantees the progress and prosperity of the state.
Moral freedom means that every human being has full freedom to cultivate his morals according to his conscience.